Los cruceros fluviales que atraviesan Europa están atemorizados y quieren evitar la crisis de 2018, cuando la sequía de los principales ríos del continente obligó a cancelar y modificar varios tramos de sus viajes.

La sequía derivada de las dos olas de calor registradas este mes y la ausencia de lluvias lleva a las navieras a lanzar planes de contingencia, que incluyen la disponibilidad de autobuses para sortear los tramos con poco caudal de aguas.

La ruta, ideal ante la falta de agua
Es una medida similar a la que tuvieron que tomar el año pasado, cuando varios cruceros quedaron detenidos por falta de agua y los pasajeros tenían que seguir viaje por autopistas hasta el próximo puerto donde la navegación fuera viable.

Ríos con poco caudal
En el portal Riverinfo.eu es posible ver el caudal de los ríos de Europa. Y gran parte de ellos se tiñen de color rojo, que significa que tiene un caudal “muy por debajo de lo normal”.

En Kaub, un punto de medición del Danubio cercano a Fráncfort, el caudal medio es de 1.565 metros cúbicos por segundo. El nivel más bajo entre 1981 y 2010 fue de 688 metros cúbicos, pero el día de hoy se encuentra en los 547 metros cúbicos.

A la altura de Viena este río está a 587 metros cúbicos por debajo de su valor medio, mientras que en Budapest registra la mitad de los 2.064 metros cúbicos de media.

El impacto por la sequía no afecta solo a los cruceros fluviales. El Danubio, pero también el Elba y el Rin (así como sus afluentes) son grandes autopistas fluviales vitales para la economía de Alemania, Austria, Chequia y Eslovaquia, necesarias para poder canalizar su producción industrial hacia puertos marítimos como el de Róterdam (en el Mar del Norte).

Confían en nosotros
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